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LampPro Tip 1/3
Authority NeededPlay
Use 'certify' when an official or authoritative statement is made, not just personal opinions. SlideOnly after the inspection, could the engineer certify the bridge's safety.
LampPro Tip 2/3
Formal SituationsPlay
'Certify' is formal and typically used in official documents, certificates, and legal contexts. SlideThe diploma certifies her graduation from university.
LampPro Tip 3/3
Not Always PositivePlay
'Certify' doesn't imply something is positive, just that it's confirmed to be true. SlideThe auditor certified the company's loss at $1 million.